图片 3

DB太大?一键帮你收缩所有DB文件大小(Shrink Files for All Databases in SQL Server)

本文介绍一个简单的SQL脚本,实现收缩整个Microsoft SQL
Server实例所有非系统DB文件大小的功能。

 

作为一个与SQL天天打交道的程序猿,经常会遇到DB文件太大,把空间占满的情况:

图片 1

而对于开发测试人员来说,如果DB数据不是特别重要的话,不会特意扩大磁盘空间,而是直接利用SQL的Shrink
File功能缩小DB文件大小,详见:https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/sql/relational-databases/databases/shrink-a-file

 

这里介绍一个脚本,支持一键收缩整个SQL Server实例上所有非系统DB文件大小。

脚本支持功能和相关逻辑如下:

  • 五个系统DB(master、model、msdb、tempdb、Resource)不会执行Shrink
    File操作;
  • 如果DB的Recovery
    Model是FULL或者BULK_LOGGED,会自动改成SIMPLE,Shrink
    File操作后再改回原来的;
  • 只会对DB状态为ONLINE的DB进行Shrink File操作;
  • DB的所有文件,包括数据文件和日志文件都会被执行收缩操作(Shrink
    Database Data Files & Shrink Database Log Files);
  • 执行SQL脚本的用户需要有sysadmin或者相关数据库的DBO权限。

脚本如下:

 1 -- Created by Bob from http://www.cnblogs.com/lavender000/
 2 use master
 3 DECLARE dbCursor CURSOR for select name from [master].[sys].[databases] where state = 0 and is_in_standby = 0;
 4 DECLARE @dbname NVARCHAR(255)
 5 DECLARE @recoveryModel NVARCHAR(255)
 6 DECLARE @tempTSQL NVARCHAR(255)
 7 DECLARE @dbFilesCursor CURSOR
 8 DECLARE @dbFile NVARCHAR(255)
 9 DECLARE @flag BIT
10 
11 OPEN dbCursor
12 FETCH NEXT FROM dbCursor INTO @dbname
13 
14 WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS = 0
15 BEGIN
16     if((@dbname <> 'master') and (@dbname <> 'model') and (@dbname <> 'msdb') and (@dbname <> 'tempdb') and (@dbname <> 'Resource'))
17     begin
18         print('')
19         print('Database [' + @dbname + '] will be shrinked log...')
20         SET @flag = 1
21         SET @recoveryModel = (SELECT recovery_model_desc FROM sys.databases WHERE name = @dbname)
22         if((@recoveryModel = 'FULL') or (@recoveryModel = 'BULK_LOGGED'))
23         begin
24             SET @tempTSQL = (select CONCAT('ALTER DATABASE [', @dbname, '] SET RECOVERY SIMPLE with no_wait'))
25             EXEC sp_executesql @tempTSQL
26             if (@@ERROR = 0)
27             begin
28                 print('    Database [' + @dbname + '] recovery model has been changed to ''SIMPLE''.')
29                 SET @flag = 1
30             end
31             else
32             begin
33                 print('Database [' + @dbname + '] recovery model failed to be changed to ''SIMPLE''.')
34                 SET @flag = 0
35             end
36         end
37 
38         if(@flag = 1)
39         begin
40             SET @tempTSQL = (select CONCAT('use [', @dbname, ']'))
41             EXEC sp_executesql @tempTSQL            
42             SET @dbFilesCursor = CURSOR for select sys.master_files.name from sys.master_files, [master].[sys].[databases] where databases.name = @dbname and databases.database_id = sys.master_files.database_id
43             open @dbFilesCursor
44             FETCH NEXT FROM @dbFilesCursor INTO @dbFile
45             WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS = 0
46             BEGIN
47                 SET @tempTSQL = (select CONCAT('use [', @dbname, '] DBCC SHRINKFILE (N''', @dbFile, ''') with NO_INFOMSGS'))
48                 EXEC sp_executesql @tempTSQL
49                 if(@@ERROR = 0)    print('        Database file [' + @dbFile + '] has been shrinked log successfully.')
50                 FETCH NEXT FROM @dbFilesCursor INTO @dbFile
51             END
52             CLOSE @dbFilesCursor
53             DEALLOCATE @dbFilesCursor
54 
55             if(@recoveryModel <> 'SIMPLE')
56             begin
57                 -- Finally changed back
58                 SET @tempTSQL = (select CONCAT('ALTER DATABASE [', @dbname, '] SET RECOVERY ', @recoveryModel, ' with no_wait'))
59                 EXEC sp_executesql @tempTSQL
60                 if (@@ERROR = 0)
61                 begin
62                     print('    Database [' + @dbname + '] recovery model has been changed back to ''' + @recoveryModel + '''')
63                 end
64                 else 
65                 begin
66                     print('    Database [' + @dbname + '] recovery model failed to be changed back to ''' + @recoveryModel + '''')
67                 end
68             end
69         end
70     end
71 FETCH NEXT FROM dbCursor INTO @dbname
72 END
73 
74 CLOSE dbCursor
75 DEALLOCATE dbCursor

执行完效果如下:

图片 2

图片 3

 

Note:

  • 如果不放心使用,可提前备份相关数据库;
  • 使用前请仔细阅读脚本支持功能和相关逻辑,如与自己需求不符,请不要使用该脚本,或者请根据自己需求自行修改脚本;
  • 脚本为简易脚本,仅用于测试学习,可能有BUG,不可生产环境使用,如有错误,请留言。

 

更新:该脚本在SQL Server
2008R2上执行可能会报如下错误:

‘CONCAT’ is not a recognized built-in
function name.

由于脚本中使用了CONCAT函数,该函数是TSQL在SQL
Server
2012中新引入的函数,具体详见:https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/sql/t-sql/functions/concat-transact-sql

因此如果想在SQL Server
2012以下版本中使用的话需要把CONCAT函数改成string
+方法,具体如下:

 1 -- Created by Bob from http://www.cnblogs.com/lavender000/
 2 use master
 3 DECLARE dbCursor CURSOR for select name from [master].[sys].[databases] where state = 0 and is_in_standby = 0;
 4 DECLARE @dbname NVARCHAR(255)
 5 DECLARE @recoveryModel NVARCHAR(255)
 6 DECLARE @tempTSQL NVARCHAR(255)
 7 DECLARE @dbFilesCursor CURSOR
 8 DECLARE @dbFile NVARCHAR(255)
 9 DECLARE @flag BIT
10 
11 OPEN dbCursor
12 FETCH NEXT FROM dbCursor INTO @dbname
13 
14 WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS = 0
15 BEGIN
16     if((@dbname <> 'master') and (@dbname <> 'model') and (@dbname <> 'msdb') and (@dbname <> 'tempdb') and (@dbname <> 'Resource'))
17     begin
18         print('')
19         print('Database [' + @dbname + '] will be shrinked log...')
20         SET @flag = 1
21         SET @recoveryModel = (SELECT recovery_model_desc FROM sys.databases WHERE name = @dbname)
22         if((@recoveryModel = 'FULL') or (@recoveryModel = 'BULK_LOGGED'))
23         begin
24             SET @tempTSQL = ('ALTER DATABASE [' + @dbname + '] SET RECOVERY SIMPLE with no_wait')
25             EXEC sp_executesql @tempTSQL
26             if (@@ERROR = 0)
27             begin
28                 print('    Database [' + @dbname + '] recovery model has been changed to ''SIMPLE''.')
29                 SET @flag = 1
30             end
31             else
32             begin
33                 print('Database [' + @dbname + '] recovery model failed to be changed to ''SIMPLE''.')
34                 SET @flag = 0
35             end
36         end
37 
38         if(@flag = 1)
39         begin
40             SET @tempTSQL = ('use [' + @dbname + ']')
41             EXEC sp_executesql @tempTSQL            
42             SET @dbFilesCursor = CURSOR for select sys.master_files.name from sys.master_files, [master].[sys].[databases] where databases.name = @dbname and databases.database_id = sys.master_files.database_id
43             open @dbFilesCursor
44             FETCH NEXT FROM @dbFilesCursor INTO @dbFile
45             WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS = 0
46             BEGIN
47                 SET @tempTSQL = ('use [' + @dbname + '] DBCC SHRINKFILE (N''' + @dbFile + ''') with NO_INFOMSGS')
48                 EXEC sp_executesql @tempTSQL
49                 if(@@ERROR = 0)    print('        Database file [' + @dbFile + '] has been shrinked log successfully.')
50                 FETCH NEXT FROM @dbFilesCursor INTO @dbFile
51             END
52             CLOSE @dbFilesCursor
53             DEALLOCATE @dbFilesCursor
54 
55             if(@recoveryModel <> 'SIMPLE')
56             begin
57                 -- Finally changed back
58                 SET @tempTSQL = ('ALTER DATABASE [' + @dbname + '] SET RECOVERY ' + @recoveryModel + ' with no_wait')
59                 EXEC sp_executesql @tempTSQL
60                 if (@@ERROR = 0)
61                 begin
62                     print('    Database [' + @dbname + '] recovery model has been changed back to ''' + @recoveryModel + '''')
63                 end
64                 else 
65                 begin
66                     print('    Database [' + @dbname + '] recovery model failed to be changed back to ''' + @recoveryModel + '''')
67                 end
68             end
69         end
70     end
71 FETCH NEXT FROM dbCursor INTO @dbname
72 END
73 
74 CLOSE dbCursor
75 DEALLOCATE dbCursor

给大家带来的不变深表歉意。

 

[原创文章,转载请注明出处,仅供学习研究之用,如有错误请留言,谢谢支持]

[原站点:http://www.cnblogs.com/lavender000/p/6882741.html,来自永远薰薰]