Linux CentOS7下安装python3

在CentOS7下,默认安装的就是python2.7,我现在来教大家如何安装python3:

1、首先安装python3.6可能使用的依赖

# yum -y install openssl-devel bzip2-devel expat-devel gdbm-devel readline-devel zlib-devel

2、下载python源码包,地址为https://www.python.org/downloads/source/,然后通过xftp上传上去,或者直接使用wget命令,wget
https://www.python.org/ftp/python/3.6.1/Python-3.6.1.tgz下载到本地

# tar -zxvf Python-3.6.1.tgz
# cd Python-3.6.1/

3、把python3.6安装到/usr/local目录下

# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/  
# make  
# make altinstall  

4、更改/usr/bin/python链接

# cd /usr/bin  
# mv python python.backup  
# ln -s /usr/local/bin/python3.6 /usr/bin/python  
# ln -s /usr/local/bin/python3.6 /usr/bin/python3  
# rm -rf /usr/bin/python2  
# ln -s /usr/bin/python2.7 /usr/bin/python2 

5、更改yum脚本的python依赖

# cd /usr/bin  
# ll yum* 

有以下文件:

-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root   802 Jan  2 17:53 yum  
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  9374 Jan  2 17:53 yum-builddep  
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  8091 Jan  2 17:53 yum-config-manager  
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  7610 Jan  2 17:53 yum-debug-dump  
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  7904 Jan  2 17:54 yum-debug-restore  
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 10906 Jan  2 17:54 yumdownloader  
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 11032 Jan  2 17:54 yum-groups-manager  

修改以上文件头:#!/usr/bin/python
改为 #!/usr/bin/python2

可以安装一个tree测试一下

# yum -y install tree

如果出现以下报错:File
“/usr/libexec/urlgrabber-ext-down”, line 28

vim /usr/libexec/urlgrabber-ext-down  

将/usr/bin/python改为/usr/bin/python2即可

这样,yum安装软件的时候就不会报错了,而且默认安装的就是python3了,输入python时,就会进入python3界面,如果想进入python2,那么就输入python2好了。