88bf必发娱乐 2

RHEL 688bf必发娱乐.0使用CentOS yum源

1. 首先删除redhat原有的yum

  1.  

    rpm -aq | grep yum | xargs rpm -e
    –nodeps

  2.  

    rpm -aq | grep python-iniparse | xargs rpm
    -e –nodeps

    查看是否已经卸载完成:

  1.  

    rpm -aq | grep yum

  2.  

    rpm -aq | grep
    python-iniparse

引言:由于RHEL的yum在线更新是收费的,如果没有注册的话是不能使用的,即不能在线安装软件。在这种情况下,想使用RHEL系统,还想用yum源来在线安装软件,有没有办法?答案是有办法,请往下看!

2. 下载yum安装包

  1.  wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7/os/x86\_64/Packages/yum-3.4.3-154.el7.centos.noarch.rpm

  2.  wget
    http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7/os/x86\_64/Packages/python-iniparse-0.4-9.el7.noarch.rpm

  3.  wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7/os/x86\_64/Packages/yum-metadata-parser-1.1.4-10.el7.x86\_64.rpm

  4.  wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7/os/x86\_64/Packages/yum-plugin-fastestmirror-1.1.31-42.el7.noarch.rpm

  5. wget
    http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7/os/x86\_64/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-7

1、删除RHEL原有的yum
            rpm -aq|grep yum|xargs rpm -e –nodeps  #删除

先安装python,在安装yum-metadata 最后两个yum一起安装。

2、下载新的yum安装包  #这里我们使用CentOS的yum源

3. 安装下载的rpm包

rpm -ivh python-iniparse-0.4-9.el7.noarch.rpm yum-metadata-parser-1.1.4-10.el7.x86_64.rpm yum-3.4.3-154.el7.centos.noarch.rpm yum-plugin-fastestmirror-1.1.31-42.el7.noarch.rpm

  
wget http://mirror.centos.org/centos/6.0/os/i386/Packages/python-iniparse-0.3.1-2.1.el6.noarch.rpm
       
 wget http://mirror.centos.org/centos/6.0/os/i386/Packages/yum-metadata-parser-1.1.2-14.1.el6.i686.rpm
        
wget http://mirror.centos.org/centos/6.0/os/i386/Packages/yum-3.2.27-14.el6.centos.noarch.rpm
       
 wget http://mirror.centos.org/centos/6.0/os/i386/Packages/yum-plugin-fastestmirror-1.1.26-11.el6.noarch.rpm

4. 创建文件/etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo

可以使用网易云或阿里云镜像站点:

网易云镜像:

[base]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Base
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7.4.1708/os/$basearch/
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7.4.1708/os/x86_64/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-7

#released updates
[updates]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Updates
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7.4.1708/updates/$basearch/
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7.4.1708/os/x86_64/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-7

[extras]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Extras
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7.4.1708/extras//$basearch/
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7.4.1708/os/x86_64/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-7

[centosplus]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Plus
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7.4.1708/centosplus//$basearch/
gpgcheck=1
enabled=0

阿里云镜像:

[base]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Base
baseurl=https://mirrors.aliyun.com/centos/7.4.1708/os/$basearch/
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=https://mirrors.aliyun.com/centos/7.4.1708/os/x86_64/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-7

#released updates
[updates]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Updates
baseurl=https://mirrors.aliyun.com/centos/7.4.1708/updates/$basearch/
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=https://mirrors.aliyun.com/centos/7.4.1708/os/x86_64/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-7

[extras]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Extras
baseurl=https://mirrors.aliyun.com/centos/7.4.1708/extras//$basearch/
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=https://mirrors.aliyun.com/centos/7.4.1708/os/x86_64/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-7

[centosplus]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Plus
baseurl=https://mirrors.aliyun.com/centos/7.4.1708/centosplus//$basearch/
gpgcheck=1
enabled=0

 

3、安装yum软件包

5. yum clean all

   rpm -ivh  python-iniparse-0.3.1-2.1.el6.noarch.rpm
         rpm -ivh  yum-metadata-parser-1.1.2-14.1.el6.i686.rpm
         rpm -ivh  yum-3.2.27-14.el6.centos.noarch.rpm 
yum-plugin-fastestmirror-1.1.26-11.el6.noarch.rpm
  
   注意:最后两个安装包要放在一起同时安装,否则会提示相互依赖,安装失败。

6. yum makecache(生成本地缓存)

4、更改yum源  #我们使用网易的CentOS镜像源
   cd /etc/yum.repos.d/
   wget  http://mirrors.163.com/.help/CentOS6-Base-163.repo
   vi CentOS6-Base-163.repo  #编辑文件
   把文件里面的$releasever全部替换为版本号,即6 最后保存!

附:yum源变更说明

经查从2018年05月24日起阿里云和网易云镜像站点中对于CentOS
7.4.1708版本的yum源已经不做支持,在镜像站点中附带了一个readme文件说明如下:

88bf必发娱乐 1

解决该站点镜像无法使用的方式有如下两种:

方式一:将上述第4点中所有的7.4.1708替换为7

方式二:将上述第4点中所有的mirrors.163.com或mirrors.aliyun.com替换为vault.centos.org

 

yum update出现:

88bf必发娱乐 2

 

或者直接把下面的内存拷贝到CentOS6-Base-163.repo文件中即可(已经修改好)

1 # CentOS-Base.repo
2 #
3 # The mirror system uses the connecting IP address of the client and
the
4 # update status of each mirror to pick mirrors that are updated to
and
5 # geographically close to the client. You should use this for CentOS
updates
6 # unless you are manually picking other mirrors.
7 #
8 # If the mirrorlist= does not work for you, as a fall back you can
try the
9 # remarked out baseurl= line instead.
10 #
11 #
12
13 [base]
14 name=CentOS-6 – Base – 163.com
15 baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/os/$basearch/
16
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6&arch=$basearch&repo=os
17 gpgcheck=1
18 gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6
19
20 #released updates
21 [updates]
22 name=CentOS-6 – Updates – 163.com
23 baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/updates/$basearch/
24
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6&arch=$basearch&repo=updates
25 gpgcheck=1
26 gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6
27
28 #additional packages that may be useful
29 [extras]
30 name=CentOS-6 – Extras – 163.com
31 baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/extras/$basearch/
32
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6&arch=$basearch&repo=extras
33 gpgcheck=1
34 gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6
35
36 #additional packages that extend functionality of existing
packages
37 [centosplus]
38 name=CentOS-6 – Plus – 163.com
39 baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/centosplus/$basearch/
40
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6&arch=$basearch&repo=centosplus
41 gpgcheck=1
42 enabled=0
43 gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6
44
45 #contrib – packages by Centos Users
46 [contrib]
47 name=CentOS-6 – Contrib – 163.com
48 baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/contrib/$basearch/
49
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6&arch=$basearch&repo=contrib
50 gpgcheck=1
51 enabled=0
52 gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6

5、yum clean all     #清理yum缓存
            yum makecache    
#将服务器上的软件包信息缓存到本地,以提高搜索安装软件的速度
            yum install vim*  #测试yum是否可用
 
至此,Redhat6可以使用CentOS的yum源在线安装软件了!

转载自:http://www.osyunwei.com/archives/162.html